Unsurprisingly quite a large section of Iceland is covered in glaciers, precisely 11.1% of the land area of the country. Glaciers are responsible for carving out everything that hasn’t been shaped by magma and earthquakes in Iceland, making for the most unique landscape.
Glaciers form over years, or even centuries, where the temperature is low enough to turn the snow into thick ice masses.
Although glaciers are persistent, they actually do move, slowly deforming, originating crevasses and spectacular ice caves.
And one peculiarity of Iceland is that many ice caps and glaciers lie above volcanoes.
Due to climate change Iceland is of course losing ice. Okjökull glacier in West Iceland was the first one to lose its glacier title and is now simply known as “Ok”( jökull
Do not panic though, we still have very large full glaciers as Langjökull, Hofsjökull, Mýrdalsjökull
and, last but definitely not least, Vatnajökull - the widest in Europe